Philadelphia Museum of Art Archives
Philadelphia Museum of Art Archives

Community Programs and Urban Outreach Records Edit

Summary

Identifier
PMA.003

Dates

  • Bulk, 1970-1980 (Creation)
  • 1951-1984 (Creation)

Extents

  • 18.0 Linear feet (Whole)
    18 containers

Agent Links

Subjects

Notes

  • Abstract

    The Department of Urban Outreach (DUO) of the Philadelphia Museum of Art was established in 1970 as an effort to reach new audiences by bringing art and art programs directly into Philadelphia’s inner city neighborhoods. In 1977, it became the Department of Community Programs, hereafter referred to as the Department. This collection documents the activities of the Department. The records date from 1951 to 1984, the bulk dating from 1970 to 1980, and include correspondence, exhibit planning documentation, photographs and scrapbooks, information concerning artists involved in various projects, and some general research files concerning related events and initiatives in the art community. While the collection does not provide comprehensive documentation of all aspects of the Department, it does include a wide variety of resources that demonstrate the Department’s intentions of appealing to culturally, economically and ethnically diverse communities. Of particular interest are the numerous records documenting exhibits and outreach programs, such as the Environmental Art and “Wall Art” programs.

  • Processing information

    Finding aid prepared by Christiana Dobrzynski Grippe and Jenna Marrone in 2011. The processing of this collection was made possible through generous funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, administered through the Council on Library and Information Resources’ “Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives” Project.

    This collection was minimally processed in 2009-2011, as part of an experimental project conducted under the auspices of the Philadelphia Area Consortium of Special Collections Libraries to help eliminate processing backlog in Philadelphia repositories. A minimally processed collection is one processed at a less intensive rate than traditionally thought necessary to make a collection ready for use by researchers. When citing sources from this collection, researchers are advised to defer to folder titles provided in the finding aid rather than those provided on the physical folder.

    Employing processing strategies outlined in Mark Greene's and Dennis Meissner's 2005 article, More Product, Less Process: Revamping Traditional Processing Approaches to Deal With Late 20th-Century Collections , the project team tested the limits of minimal processing on collections of all types and ages, in 23 Philadelphia area repositories. A primary goal of the project, the team processed at an average rate of 2-3 hours per linear foot of records, a fraction of the time ordinarily reserved for the arrangement and description of collections. Among other time saving strategies, the project team did not extensively review the content of the collections, replace acidic folders or complete any preservation work.

  • Access Restrictions

    This collection is open for research.

  • Use Restrictions

    Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Archives with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

  • Preferred Citation

    [Item identification and date], [Series info.], Community Programs and Urban Outreach records, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Archives.

  • Related Material

    Evan H. Turner Records. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Archives.

  • Acquisition and Custody Information

    Transferred from the Department of Community Programs and Urban Outreach.

  • Historical Note

    The Department of Urban Outreach (DUO) of the Philadelphia Museum of Art was established in 1970 as an effort to reach new audiences by bringing art and art programs directly into Philadelphia’s inner city neighborhoods. David H. Katzive served as the program’s Director from 1970 to 1976. In 1977, it became the Department of Community Programs with Penny Bach as Director. In 1979, Clarence Wood and Don Kaiser were named Co-Directors.

    From the beginning, the work of the Department of Urban Outreach focused on its program of outdoor mural painting across Philadelphia. It produced no less than ninety murals over the course of its existence, which helped reduce graffiti and beautify neighborhoods, encourage community pride, and serve as tangible proof that the Museum could become part of every Philadelphian’s daily life. The Department also sponsored exhibitions of local works of art at its “Gallery 72,” and it administered the Thomas Eakins House and the Samuel Fleisher Art Memorial. In 1975, while the Museum was closed to the public for a massive construction project, the Department’s Rites of Passage exhibitions, held in several neighborhood facilities, celebrating cultural groups living in Philadelphia, kept the Museum in the news and in people’s minds. At different times, the Department sponsored a variety of other activities across Philadelphia, including, the traveling “Art Cart” and exhibit, “The Mind’s Eye;” summer camps; community arts and crafts programs; a traveling improvisational workshop; and instruction in music, dance, audio visual technology and photography. In 1976, it held the Inner City Cultural Arts Festival, which was a series of dance, film, music and theatrical events.

    Bibliography: Philadelphia Museum of Art. Annual Reports. 1970-1979. (Accessed online on April 25, 2011: 1970-1971 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3795258; 1971-1972 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3795219; 1972-1973 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3795248; 1973-1974 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3795238 1974-1975 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3795221; 1975-1976 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3795328; 1976-1977 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3795319; 1977-1978 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3795309; 1978-1979 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3795292)

  • Scope and Content Note

    This collection documents the activities of the Philadelphia Museum of Art’s Department of Urban Outreach, renamed the Department of Community Programs in 1977, hereafter referred to as the Department. The records date from 1951 to 1984 and include correspondence, exhibit planning documentation, photographs and scrapbooks, information concerning artists involved in various projects and general research files concerning related events and initiatives in the art community. While the collection does not provide comprehensive documentation of all aspects of the Department, it does include a wide variety of resources that demonstrate the Department’s intentions of appealing to culturally, economically and ethnically diverse communities. Of particular interest are the numerous records documenting exhibits such as “Hollywood Film Fantasies” and “Rites of Passage,” and as well as outreach programs such as Environmental Art Program and mural projects, including the “Wall Art” records for the initiative that eventually developed into the Mural Arts Program.

    The collection is divided into six series: “I. Correspondence,” “II. Subject files,” “III. Programs and exhibits,” “IV. Affiliated institutions,” “V. Scrapbooks,” and “VI. Photographs.”

    The “I. Correspondence” series contains internal memoranda and in-coming and out-going letters of the Department. The series is further divided into three subseries: “a. General correspondence,” “b. Penny Bach files,” and “c. Jacqueline Teamor files.” Researchers should note that other correspondence may be found throughout the rest of the collection as well, particularly in series “II. Subject files” and “III. Special events, programs and exhibits.”

    Subseries “a. General correspondence,” includes correspondence from a number of employees both within and outside the Department. Featured correspondents include Program Directors Penny Bach and David Katzive, and co-directors Don Kaiser and Clarence Wood. Arnold Jolles, originally the Philadelphia Museum of Art’s Assistant Director for Art and later Acting Director, is also a prominent correspondent, as is former Museum Director, Jean Sutherland Boggs and Executive Director of the Samuel Fleisher Art Memorial, Thora Jacobson. Most of the correspondence is related to the daily operation of the Department, and includes inter-office memoranda regarding programming and general decision-making. This subseries also includes several five-year operations analyses, including budget information, as well as inquiries and requests from artists and their representatives. The files date from 1970 to 1981 and are arranged alphabetically.

    Subseries “b. Penny Bach files,” contains correspondence and memoranda created during Bach’s tenure as Program Director. The correspondence reveals her role as leader of the department, and includes communication with potential donors, administrators from fellow institutions, and artists. The material dates from 1973 to 1981, and is arranged alphabetically by correspondence type, such as “in-coming and outgoing” and “memoranda,” with untitled files housed at the beginning of the subseries.

    Subseries “c. Jacqueline Teamor files,” which dates from 1971 to 1979, consists of chronologically arranged correspondence between Jacqueline Teamor and artists, program planners and other community organizers in the Philadelphia area. Teamor was directly involved with the planning and implementation of a great number of the Department’s programs and activities and her correspondence reflects this. Researchers should note that there are related materials in series “II. Subject files” and “III. Special events, programs and exhibits.”

    Series “II. Subject files,” contains materials most likely collected and used by the Department for background research and planning, as well as records created by the Department, such as budgets, mailing lists, grant applications, personnel files and other records documenting the daily activities of the Department. The series is divided into two subseries, “a. General” and “b. Artists files.”

    Subseries “a. General” consists of notes, clippings, some correspondence and other printed material related mostly to the planning of exhibits and events sponsored by the Department. Many of the records reveal relationships with and inspiration from other local and national cultural organizations, including the Greater Philadelphia Cultural Alliance, the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, the Abington Art Center, the Philadelphia Urban Homesteading Program, the Academy of Natural Sciences, the San Francisco Art Commission, the Philadelphia Zoo, Philadelphia Department of Recreation, and the National Conference of Artists. Also of interest are the various grant applications filed by the Department to support ongoing projects, as well as budgets and annual reports. Many of the materials in this subseries provide contextual information for records found in series “III. Special events, programs and exhibits.” The subseries dates from 1966 to 1984 and is arranged in alphabetical order by subject.

    Subseries “b. Artists” contains clippings, correspondence, biographical information, some photographs, and other planning and publicity materials related to artists either featured in exhibits and events or involved in the planning of Department programs. The subseries includes records related to the artistic endeavors of Don Kaiser and Clarence Wood, who served as Department Co-Directors in addition to working as artists themselves. The most well documented artist in the subseries is Jacqueline Monnier (researchers interested in this artist or her involvement with the Department should also consult series “III. Special events, programs and exhibits,” where there are extensive records of her exhibit, “Travelling Exhibition”). Researchers may also be interested in several files on “Black artists,” which feature information about Philadelphia’s black artist community, as well as national and international movements. The series dates from 1966 to 1984 and is arranged alphabetically by artist name, with the more general subject files housed at the end of the subseries.

    Series “III. Special events, programs and exhibits” contains correspondence, planning materials, and research files created and accumulated by the Department during program development and execution. Materials include program proposals, budget information, memoranda and newspaper clippings for programs such as the “Cinema in the Sky” film series partnership with the Franklin Institute, the “Hollywood Film Fantasies” lecture series, and the community-based “City/2” exhibition focused on Philadelphians reclaiming pride in their ownership of public spaces such as rivers, streets, sidewalks, and parks. Printed materials include brochures, promotional flyers, and photographs of the exhibits. This series also chronicles the Department’s participation in cultural events such as the Philadelphia Festival, and the Inner-City Cultural Arts Festival, as well as festivals sponsored by the Philadelphia Museum of Art, including the annual Super Sunday event and Chalk-In Festivals. Also represented are summer programs like the roving Craftsmobile, and traveling exhibitions like “The Collecting Instinct.” This subseries prominently features the files of the Environmental Art Program, including the papers of the Creative Walls Committee, grant and funding information, as well as individual mural files from the “Wall Art” program. Jacqueline Monnier’s “Travelling Exhibition” is well documented, as well as the “Rites of Passage” serial exhibit, which highlighted culturally significant rituals within the African American, Chinese, Jewish, Italian and Puerto Rican communities. Of particular interest in this subseries are the letters of acknowledgement and community feedback for the Department’s programming throughout the city and reference files describing the work of featured artists. The materials date from 1970 to 1983 and are arranged alphabetically by event name. Researchers should also consult related materials in series “II. Subject files,” “V. Scrapbooks,” and “VI. Photographs.”

    Series “IV. Affiliated Institutions,” consists of records related to the Department’s administration of the Thomas Eakins House and the Samuel Fleisher Art Memorial in Philadelphia. The series is divided into two subseries “a. Thomas Eakins House” and “b. Fleisher Art Memorial.” While the two subseries contain similar types of information, the activities related to the Fleisher Art Memorial are better represented than those of the Eakins House.

    Subseries “a. Thomas Eakins House” mostly contains correspondence related to project planning, communication between the Department, Caretaker Bruce Johnson and other staff at the Eakins House, as well as various proposals for newly developed programs and workshops. Materials also include financial records such as annual reports, bills, budgets and insurance information, as well as brochures and information about the art collections at Eakins House and the Philadelphia Museum of Art. The records date from 1968 to 1983 and are arranged alphabetically by subject.

    Subseries “b. Fleisher Art Memorial” contains records related to the planning and administrative operations of the Department’s administration of the Samuel Fleisher Art Memorial, a free art school in Philadelphia. Records document financial and budget information, including fundraising efforts, and correspondence between Fleisher Art Memorial Executive Director, Thora Jacobson and Department board members. Researchers will also find annual reports, committee meeting minutes, records related to art and artifacts, classes and workshops, as well as information concerning the physical accommodations of the Memorial building, such as deeds, correspondence and budgets. Also of interest are the “Exhibitions” materials documenting several events organized at the Memorial, such as “Philadelphia – Now!,” “70 Teachers Celebrate,” and “Faces at Fleisher.” Numerous printed brochures provide visually appealing documentation of many of these exhibitions as well. The materials date from 1951 to 1981 and are arranged alphabetically by subject.

    The “V. Scrapbooks” series includes compiled memorabilia from the Department’s community programs and exhibits. The scrapbooks contain photographs and newspaper clippings from events included in the Environmental Art programs such as “Franklin’s Footpath,” exhibition of the artist “Woofy Bubbles,” and several Chalk-In Festivals. Other events represented are the Rites of Passage exhibit and the Inner-City Arts Festival. There is significant overlap with the materials in series “III. Special events, programs and exhibits.” The materials date from 1971 to 1978 and are arranged in alphabetical order by subject.

    “VI. Photographs” is a small series that documents only some of the Department’s events and programs; as such the materials supplement information found in series “III. Special events, programs and events.” There are photographs of murals created as part of the Wall Art program and other Department sponsored classes and exhibits, including the Craftsmobile, Chalk-In Festival and Super Sunday. Also included are photographs of street scenes and parks from the Philadelphia area, possibly used for inspiration or planning purposes for various events. Researchers should note that some photographs can be found within other series, such as "II. Subject files," "III. Special events, programs and exhibits" and “V. Scrapbooks.” The photographs date from 1955 to 1982 and are arranged alphabetically by subject. A “Miscellaneous” folder containing unidentified photographs documenting some exhibitions, lectures, and other cultural events most likely sponsored by the Department housed at the end of the series.

  • Language of Materials

    The materials in this collection are in English and Spanish.

Components